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中国八大菜系英文版  

2010-08-26 15:54:21|  分类: 饮食篇 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Shandong Cuisine (鲁菜)
Major characteristics of Shandong Cuisine:
1) Prepared with a wide variety of materials. For example. Jiaodong dishes are mainly made of aquatic products due to its proximity to the Yellow Sea. People in Jinan and Jiving like to prepare cuisine with mountain delicacies and seafood delights, melons, fruits, vegetables and peppers.
2) A pure, strong and mellow taste, rather than a mixed taste. Chefs are good at using onions and seasonings.
3) Shandong Cuisine is known for its excellent seafood dishes and delicious soup.
4) Chefs excel at preparing clear, smell, crisp, tender and delicious dishes by frying, stirring and steaming.
Famous dishes: Stir Fried Prawns, Fried Sea Cucumbers with Onions, Sweet and Sour Carp, Large Jiaodong Chicken Wings, Taishan Fish with Red Scales, etc.

·Sichuan Cuisine (川菜)
The main- characteristics of Sichuan Cuisine:
1) Prepared with a wide variety of ingredients.
2) Presenting various shapes and tastes, and famous for spicy food, fish-flavored shredded pork and food with odd taste.
3) Boasting numerous cooking techniques, such as stir frying, frying, stir-frying before stewing, and braising.
Famous dishes: Stir-fried Diced Chicken with Chilli and Peanuts, Stir-fried Bean Curd in Hot Sauce, Fish-flavored Shredded Pork, Rice Crusts and Sliced Pork, Stir-fried Sliced Beef, etc.

·Guangdong Cuisine (粤菜)
Guangdong Cuisine, one of the main cuisine styles in China, is composed of Guangzhou, Chaozhou and Dongjiang cuisine. With the advantages of all delicacies from all over the country, Guangdong Cuisine has gradually formed its own characteristics - using a wide variety of ingredients, offering food of all tastes, shapes and colors, good at changing, and serving light food in summer and autumn, and strong and mellow food in winter and spring. Guangdong Cuisine features sour, bitter, spicy and delicious tastes with a clear and fragrant smell. Guangdong snacks are peculiar about ingredients, some sweet and some salty, enjoying the reputation of "100 kinds of snacks having 100 tastes and 100 shapes." There is an old saying: "Guangdong serves best food in the country." Now we can say: "Guangdong offers delicacies from all over the world."
Famous dishes: Fried Bean Curd and Fresh Shrimps, Baiyun Pig‘s Trotters, Roast Piglet with Crisp Skin, Dongjiang Salted Chicken, Refreshing Beef Balls, Taiye Chicken, Fried Jelly Fish, etc.

·Fujian Cuisine (闽菜)
Fujian Cuisine have the following characteristics:
1) Chefs are skilled in the use of a kitchen knife, full of interest.
2) The Fujian people are peculiar about soup, which is full of changes.
3) A wide variety of seasonings are used, with unique characteristics.
4) Dishes are meticulously prepared, refined and graceful.
5) Fujian Cuisine is characterized by clear, refreshing, delicious and light tastes, slightly sweet and sour.
Typical famous dishes: Monk Jumps over Wall, sea clams in Chicken Soup, Glossy Ganoderma and Jade Cicadas, Litchi Pulp, Fragrant Sliced Snails with a Faint Smell of Distillers‘ Grains, Jadeite Pearl Abalone, Chicken with Distillers‘ Grains, etc. Famous snacks: Fried Oyster, Lightly Fried Dumpling, Clam Cakes, Thousand Layer Cake, Meat Balls, Taiji Smashed Taro.

·Jiangsu Cuisine (苏菜)
The main characteristics of Jiangsu cuisine:
1) Distinguished for exquisite ingredients, freshness and aliveness.
2) High cutting techniques.
3) Have a good command of duration and degree of heating and cooking.
4) Good at keeping the original taste one particular taste for one dish. All dishes have light, mellow and refreshing tastes. Yangzhou Cuisine is light and elegant; Suzhou Cuisine is slightly sweet; and Wuxi Cuisine is fairly sweet.
5) Pay great attention to soup, which is strong but not greasy, and delicious.
Famous dishes: Butterfish in Creamy Juice, Santao Duck, Steamed Large Meatballs, Fragrant and Soft Silverfish, Crystal Pig‘s Trotters, Steamed Hilsa Herring, King Bids Farewell to His Consort, etc. Well-known snacks include Dumplings with Juicy Crab Meat Filling, Noodles in Clear Soup, Jadeite Steamed Dumplings with the Dough Gathered at the Top, etc.

【·Zhejiang Cuisine (浙菜)】
Of a large number local cuisine styles, Zhejiang Cuisine occupies an important position and mainly consists of Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing and Wenzhou cuisine styles, each having its own local characteristics.
Hangzhou Cuisine, the representative of Zhejiang Cuisine, is delicious, light, crisp, elegant and highly finished. Ningbo local dishes are delicious, tender, soft and refreshing. Shaoxing Cuisine, which has the characteristics of the I,md of fish, includes various kinds of local dishes, which are soft and aromatic with original soup ,[lid juice, light oil, and a heavy taste. Chefs are forbidden to use peppers. Wenzhou Cuisine, also I,nown as On Cuisine, is known for delicious seafood and light and delicious dishes.
Famous dishes: West Lake Sour Fish, Dongpo Pork, Longjing Shrimp Meat, Jiaohua Young Chickens, Steam Rice Flower and Pork Wrapped by Lotus Leaves, Braised Bamboo Shoots and Whitefish with Fermented Glutinous Rice.

·Hunan Cuisine (湘菜)
Hunan Cuisine has three characteristics:
1) Skilful use of a kitchen knife, a delicious taste and a beautiful shape.
2) Known for sour and spicy dishes by adding various kinds of seasonings.
3) Adopting a wide variety of techniques.
Famous dishes: Spicy Young Chicken, Fried Fish Slices, Steamed Soft-Shell Turtle, Steamed Cured Meat, Huofang Whitebait, Dongting Fat Fish Maw, Jishou Sour Meat, Oily and Spicy Tender Bamboo Shoots, and Chinese Chestnuts and Hearts of Cabbages.

·Anhui Cuisine (徽菜)
Anhui Cuisine has the following four characteristics:
1) Using a wide variety of ingredients.
2) Adopting unique techniques.
3) Paying great attention to nutritious food.
4) Offering various kinds of dishes, some of which are full of local flavor.
Famous dishes: Milky Fat Fish King, Stewed Mati Soft-shelled Turtle in Clear Soup, Guest Welcoming Pine, Crucian Carp in Earthen Pot, Fuliji Chicken, Red Bayberry and Glutinous Rice Balls, etc. Local snacks include Butterfly Noodles, White Gourd Dumplings, Frozen Rice Sugar, Tunxi Liquor-saturated Crabs, etc.

▲以上就是 CHINESE FOOD CULTURE 中国饮食文化(八大菜系)
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